Designer drugs are psychoactive substances that are developed in order to circumvent prohibitive laws. Due to delays with identification and classification, the newest designer drugs pose a special danger, because up to a certain point they are legal. After their prohibition, drug chemists synthesize new molecules that have a psychotropic effect, and the number of club designer drugs increases.
Since their list is constantly updated, it is impossible to bring it in full. However, all synthetic designer drugs have similarities:
- Firstly, almost all of them are synthetic analogs of natural preparations, moreover, they either completely copy the narcotic features of the latter, or have similar properties.
- Secondly, most of these narcotics are derivatives or analogs of existing substances. Qualitatively new developments that have the properties of well-known drugs are much less common. In most cases, the chemical structure of the studied narcotic changes.
- Common designer drugs are sold both on the black and gray markets, and their list is constantly expanding, and the cost is becoming more affordable.
Types of Designer Drugs
It is worth noting that the types of designer drugs are classified according to the same scheme that is used for “classic” narcotics. Since today more than 90% of drug addicts “sit” on synthetic counterparts, synthetic drugs are presented in each group. So, here are the main kinds of club designer drugs:
- Hallucinogens. In most cases, these are hash analogs that cause visual or auditory images. These include LSD, dimethyltryptamine, cannabinoids, phencyclidine, ketamine, psilocybin, mescaline, and many of their derivatives.
- Opioids. The so-called drugs that provide a sedative (calming) effect simultaneously with euphoria. These include tramadol, heroin, fentanyl, desomorphine, opium, codeine, morphine, methadone, synthetic drug analogs of these agents.
- Inhalants are narcotics that are volatile, so they are inhaled in the form of a liquid or gas: aromatic or aliphatic hydrocarbons, nitrous oxide, etc.
- Antidepressants are substances that prevent monoamines from disintegrating or being re-captured by neurons. These medications include coaxial and its analogs.
- Psychostimulants – cause a high degree of excitation of the nervous system, euphoria. These are ecstasy, amphetamine, ephedrine, cation, methcathinone, cocaine, methylphenidate, methamphetamine, their derivatives.
- Depressants are psychoactive stuff that inhibits the activity of the central nervous system and reduce some of its functions (butyrate, benzodiazepines, barbiturates, their synthetic analogs).
Effects of Designer Drugs
In addition to the unexplored chemical composition, such substances are fraught with other dangers:
- Faster addiction. Some types of synthetic drugs cause dependence after the first administration. Such a strong effect is due to the fact that from a number of analogs in most cases, stronger and more active options are selected.
- Very high toxicity. Any narcotic poisons the body, but the designer drug makes it faster and stronger. Since the creation of substances is carried out in clandestine laboratories, a violation of technology is possible. This leads to the formation of toxic side mixtures, the use of which can become fatal.
- False advertising. Dealers often position these substances as safe, citing the fact that they are not drugs, at least according to the official classification. In fact, in most cases, this is not so, and the substance causes dependence and destroys the body. That is why the identification and prohibition of new types of synthetic drugs is one of the priority areas of the relevant public services.
- High risk of poisoning. In the case of “classic” or “legal” drugs, the situation is conditionally safe: addicts can calculate the necessary dose without risking poisoning. But, synthetic designer drugs are often mixed in arbitrary proportions, adding foreign substances. Some of them are quite harmless in themselves, but together with chemical reagents can give an unpredictable reaction and cause severe poisoning, sometimes with a fatal outcome.
Since these medications are not well studied by scientists and doctors, and sometimes they are completely unknown, the diagnosis in case of poisoning or overdose is complicated. This makes it impossible to carry out a specific treatment.
Another danger, which also follows from the lack of knowledge of many synthetic drugs, is that their narcotic breadth is also unknown. This means that the difference between the current dose and the amount of a substance that is life-threatening is unknown.
Are such Substances Legal?
No matter how regrettable it may sound, but up to a certain point, designer drugs are indeed legal. Drug dealers successfully perform this trick from year to year, because if the preparation is not in the list of prohibited substances, it is not possible to charge it. That is why the relevant authorities are constantly monitoring the release of the newest synthetic drugs to make them on the list, and clandestine chemists in turn create more and more new formulas.
Dangers to Be Aware Of
The danger of using designer synthetic drugs lies not only in the fact that they cause severe mental and physical dependence, but also a number of negative consequences:
- Muscle cramps;
- Psychosis and loss of a sense of reality;
- Critical fatal fever;
- Chest pain;
- Severe poisoning of the body with the ensuing consequences;
- Uncontrolled and causeless aggression;
- Attacks of panic and rage;
- Irreversible parkinsonism, even after 1 use of particularly powerful synthetic drugs;
- Increased risk of oncology, diabetes, cirrhosis, peptic ulcer;
- Increased heart rate, pressure surges, shortness of breath;
- Degradation of mental abilities;
- Fundamental changes in behavior, worldview, habits, taste;
- Physical exhaustion, hair loss, sagging skin.
Important Facts to Know
Here are strong facts concerning synthetic drugs:
- Designer drugs are new euphoriants that have been modified at the molecular level.
- Compared to previously known narcotics, these are more concentrated and powerful psychoactive substances.
- They are actively developed in clandestine laboratories in order to circumvent current legislation but are no less dangerous than such well-known drugs as cocaine, crack, or meth.
- Synthetic drugs can be divided into stimulating, damping, psychedelic, and synthetic cannabinoids.
- Most designer drugs can be found either in pure form or as the main ingredient in crystals, powders, tablets. For example, in dragees, they are packaged as ecstasy.
Designer drugs are made uncontrollably in illegal laboratories. Therefore, the consumer does not have guarantees not only of their quality, but also of concentration, and the effect exerted.
Our drug addiction professionals at FloridaRehabsExperts have considerable medical know-how in the therapy of a variety of drug dependencies as well as we have the ability to supply a broad range of well established therapeutic methods to tackle your drug dependency symptoms, and also attend to the underlying reasons for your drug addiction
💊 What are the examples of designer drugs?
The most common designer drugs are the so-called “club drugs”: ketamine, MDMA (Ecstasy), GHB, methamphetamine, LSD (acid), and Rohypnol.
⛔ Is the designer drugs legal?
In general, no, designer drugs in their pure form are banned in the United States. But unfortunately, there is synthetic marijuana that mimics the effects of “club drugs.” We do not recommend using drugs.
🤕 What should I do if I am addicted to designer drugs?
If you want to get rid of addiction to designer drugs. You need to contact the Rehab Center – FloridaRehabExperts. Be careful, dependence on designer drugs is very dangerous, it is better not to delay it.
🌎 How many people in USA use designer drugs?
In mid-2020, in the United States, more than 20 thousand people were registered who applied to medical institutions with a problem of dependence on designer drugs. These are mainly people of 20-30 years of age.
🧪 Why are they called designer drugs?
The definition of designer drugs or synthetic drugs or club drugs got its name from the origin of these substances. Designer drugs are usually illegal and are created in clandestine laboratories.