Psychoactive drugs include a list of medications that are used to treat mental illness and nervous disorders. They are also used to suppress the symptoms of these conditions. Psychoactive preparations include potent substances that may cause addiction with prolonged use. Based on this, medicines are exclusively prescribed by a doctor.
What Are Psychoactive Drugs?
In a normal state, the central nervous system of a person is “in balance”. However, from the influence of factors of an unfavorable nature, called stresses, emotional experiences, and others, the processes of excitation and inhibition are brought out of balance.
Psychoactive drugs’ definition is as follows, it is a group of medicines that affect the psyche and affect the central nervous system. The substances are divided according to clinical effect.
Types of psychoactive drugs having been divided into the following groups:
- antipsychotic drugs;
- antidepressant drugs;
- psychotomimetic formulations.
Mental disorders (accompanied by delirium, hallucinations, anxiety, or a sense of fear) of a condition in which excitation predominates (altered consciousness and the like) are treated mainly with the help of antipsychotics psychoactive substance. With the help of medications of the second group – antidepressants, they eliminate mental disorders, which manifest themselves as inhibition.
Given that many mental disorders, as a rule, combine agitation and inhibition, doctors often prescribe a combination therapy using the medicinal formulations of the first two groups. The proportions of the legal psychoactive drugs are controlled taking into account changes in the patient’s psyche. Psychoactive drug usage can lead to side effects. For some, these negative aspects are so severe that doctors are forced to interrupt the treatment course and use medications to help eliminate the complications that have appeared.
Categories and Types of Psychoactive Drugs
Most often, narcologists use the following classification of psychoactive prescription drugs, which divides medications into four types, taking into account the predominant effects of inhibition or arousal:
- Psycholeptics (I) lower the normal or painful processes of the psyche. These psychoactive drugs are also called “large” (antipsychotics) or “small” (anxiolytics) tranquilizers.
- Psychoanaleptics. With their help, painfully reduced psycho-processes increase to the usual level. This type of medicine includes psychostimulant and antidepressant compounds.
- Hallucinogenic psychodysleptics can painfully enhance the mental process.
- Mood stabilizing preparations. With their help, painful changes in mood are prevented, normalizing to the usual healthy level.
Particular attention should be paid to sedative psychoactive substances and nootropics. The reason is that the effect of a psychotropic nature from the use of drugs of this group is manifested only in pathologies. On a healthy person, these drugs do not have a significant effect. Some narcologists believe that the psychotropic effects of psychoactive drug nootropics will not be the main, but secondary – in the process of their action.
Effects of Psychoactive Drugs and Substances
Psychoactive drugs side effects include:
- drying out of the oral cavity;
- the feeling of dry skin;
- increased sweating;
- violation of the digestive tract;
- heart rhythm failures;
- deviations in the work of the urinary organs.
Such symptoms after cessation of psychoactive substance application quickly disappear. In the case when the physical state of health worsens, therapy is interrupted, and the prescribed remedies are replaced by other psychotropic compounds.
After the use of a psychoactive drug, changes in the endocrine system are observed. For women, this is characteristic of menstrual irregularities, men experience difficulties with potency. Such deviations are permissible, gradually normalizing even without the intervention of doctors. They also observe deviations in the work of the lungs, a headache, a person experiences nausea and vomiting. With such manifestations, treatment is interrupted, a specialist consultation is prescribed to exclude the appearance of liver failure.
Basic Precautions When Using Psychoactive Drugs
Treatment should be carried out under the strict supervision of a doctor, it is impossible to increase the dosage of the medicine without indications, to exclude the psychoactive drug abuse – this can lead to disastrous consequences. A sharp cessation of admission is not recommended – the consequences of psychoactive drug administration, in this case, can manifest themselves with the so-called withdrawal syndrome.
A similar condition develops not only among drug addicts. The withdrawal symptoms of psychoactive drugs taken for prophylactic and therapeutic purposes are similar to those experienced by cocaine addicts. That is why the treatment of mental disorders is under the strict guidance of specialists.
You can find out whether a person is abusing psychotropic medicines by the following signs:
- unexplained change of mood from euphoric to depressed;
- a change in appetite (lack or, conversely, excessive manifestation);
- frequent thirst;
- hand tremor;
- redness of the eye proteins;
- dilated pupils;
- the pallor of the skin, etc.
It is recommended that psychoactive substances be stored in places that exclude children’s access to them. You need to know that the signs of even the accidental use of such compounds by the child appear more clearly than in adults.
How can Addiction to Psychoactive Drugs be Prevented and Treated?
Psychoactive drugs, unlike traditional narcotic compounds, bring a person a “spectrum” of unusual sensations. The body begins to work “in emergency mode”, spending its reserves in a short period of time. This is expressed by an emotional outburst, which an addict wants to survive again. To this end, the addicted person is forced to increase the dosage, but the expected effect will no longer be. Young people, using psychotropic preparations quickly age, lose their ability to work, get sick, needing special therapeutic treatment. Psychological dependence is difficult to eliminate because the products of psychotropic decays in tissue cells practically do not accumulate.
Therefore, in view of the strong dependence that is caused by the abuse of a psychoactive substance, those who want to cope with it should seek help at rehabilitation centers. There, real professionals will in fact show that anyone who truly wants this can overcome addiction and start a normal life again. Indeed, it is well-known that it is possible to cure dependence on psychoactive drugs only with the goodwill of the addict.
If a person suffers from an addiction to psychoactive drugs, only a qualified specialist can help him. FloridaRehabExperts will be happy to assist everyone who seeks help.
💊 Which type of psychoactive drugs affects the body?
All of the types of psychoactive drugs affect the body. Such as Stimulants, Depressants, Hallucinogens, and other types of psychoactive drugs.
🩺 What psychoactive drugs increase nervous system activity?
Some classes of psychoactive drugs are typically abused. Stimulants, such as nicotine, amphetamine, and cocaine, enhance the task of the nervous system, or both. Stimulants generally increase heart rate, high blood pressure, and also one’s feeling of alertness.
🧪 Why do psychoactive drugs make people feel good?
Because some of the psychoactive drugs give the person a pleasant feeling for some time. But this is only at first glance. Unfortunately, chemical dependence on a substance can lead to dependence and irreversible consequences.
🧫 Why do people use psychoactive drugs?
People use psychoactive drugs for various reasons, such as feeling better or different, or what their friends or family members are doing. Do not use psychoactive drugs under any circumstances.
🩸 What are the 3 dangerous types of psychoactive drugs?
The most dangerous types of psychoactive drugs are Hallucinogens, Opioids, and Stimulants. There is also another type of psychoactive drugs – depressants, they are less dangerous than others.